Teaching Resources Supporting Material
This page contains a list of resources that can be used to support students’ learning in the Goodbye Graffiti Curriculum Materials. They are neither comprehensive nor exclusive.
149 Street – The @149st web site's primary objective is the preservation of the history of the art form developed on New York City's subways. It is a work-in-progress and the basis for several documentary projects. @149st derives its name from the last existing writer's bench during the New York City subway aerosol art movement, 149th Street Grand Concourse, a subway station in the Bronx located on the showcase 2 and 5 lines, a place where writers from all over the city came to meet, make plans, settle disputes and most of all bench. Many of the photographs on this site are of poor quality due to the fact that in many cases they are the only documentation in existence. Most were taken by writers themselves with non-adjustable small format cameras. The site has a two part History of graffiti.
Art crimes – is an extensive site with images, articles, research and frequently asked questions.
Banksy’s “Exit Through the Gift Shop”: Street Art and Our Quest for Authenticity” Graffiti Art or Vandalism? A door company answering question about Graffiti Art of Vandalism. Images of urban art on doors around the world.
Graffiti and language – by Crispin Sartwell. He writes “What I'm arguing is that this is not only a matter of the sheer fact that the stuff is illegal: it's not just a matter of racking paint and running from the cops. It's inside the form and content of the art itself… We could say that it's an attempt to revamp or rearticulate authority, to read it through a new set of codes, to take control of it and bounce it back and play with it make something of it instead of merely knuckling under to it. It's an attempt to take language back.”
Graffiti in Japan – by Natalie Stanchfield, Long IslandUniversity
Six theses on the tag – by Shannon Holopainen. She writes “The tag is a form of writing, a form of writing that is written upon a surface without permission. As something that occurs illegally, without permission, it is an act of transgression. What does it transgress? Physically, it transgresses onto the property of another. But the property owning other, as a distinct and concrete individual, is an unknown other. What is then transgressed is a general law, a logos of privilege and ownership -- the property is not the property of the writer, and this is all the writer will generally know. All property is reduced to surface, to the body of a general other”
Street Math in Wildstyle Graffiti Art by Josephine Noah – She writes “My intention in this paper is to discuss the forms of mathematics that have been developed in the design, painting, deciphering, and evaluation of wildstyle.” Australian Broadcasting Commission – there are several articles about graffiti. Cave art may have been teen graffiti – which suggests that cave art may have been produced by teenagers. Graffiti - Trevor Chappell spoke to Ilse Scheepers who wrote an Honours thesis on graffiti, 'Graffiti and Urban Space', to learn more about the motivating force behind graffiti artists.Graffiti as a Form of Art for Adolescents? Koon-Hwee KAN
Graffiti: Art or Vandalism – Terry Lane from the National Interest (November 2005) discussed the City of Melbourne and the Victorian government’s promised crackdown on graffiti in the lead up to the Commonwealth Games and asked “does zero tolerance work or should a more liberal approach be tried?”
Graffiti artists to spray your tag on West Bank wall - from February 2009 Graffiti-buster combs Melbourne's laneways – from April 2009 Jail not the answer to stopping graffiti – from February 2009
Risking Jail for Public Expression is an article written by John Michaels (not his real name) is a former radio presenter, teacher, and graffiti artist. Following the article are a number of comments with different perspectives.
Students condemn 'reactive' graffiti laws – from February 2009. Better off kids turn to graffiti Digital salvation for Aboriginal art – an article about the graffiti vandalism at Uluru Graffiti facts – some basic definitions.. Stars blames for rise in graffiti - Pop stars like Christina Aguilera and Black Eyed Peas have been blamed for a rise in graffiti cos they're making it look cool. Train graffiti vandal sentenced
Graffiti 'holds cities to ransom' - Towns and cities across England are being "held to ransom" by graffiti, Keep Britain Tidy (KBT) has warned.
Graffiti Hurts - Graffiti Hurts® - Care for Your Community is a grassroots community education program. It was developed in 1996 by Keep America Beautiful, Inc. through a grant from The Sherwin-Williams Company, maker of Krylon® brand paint. The Graffiti Hurts® Program is dedicated to raising awareness about the harmful effects of graffiti vandalism on communities. There are a number of fact sheets that are available for down load including:
La TrobeUniversity - Graffiti and the marks of culture – “If today’s graffiti is vandalism, why are older markings so compelling?: asks Dr Catherine Padmore.
New South Wales, Stop Graffiti Vandalism - This site aims to raise awareness about the harmful effects of graffiti vandalism and provides practical advice to fight against it.
Taipei Times - Hip-hop, skateboarding cross cultural lines - an article from 2007. “People usually think of skateboarding as the domain of white kids who listen to punk rock, alternative music, or heavy metal. But there's a growing side to the sport: a multicultural array of skateboarders who enjoy hip-hop culture.”
Texas Gang Investigators Association - The Texas Gang Investigators Association was founded in 1991 by a small group of officers charged with the investigation of street gangs and their criminal activities.
West Australian – there are articles on microfilm at the State Library of WA from the West Australian including Writing on the Wall by Stormie Mills, in which a WA graffiti artists talks about his work and how he started.
These books are available through the State Library of WA.
Banksy (2006) Wall and Piece, Centenary, London – “Despite what they say graffiti is not the lowest form of art. Although you might have to creep about at night and lie to your mum it’s actually one of the more honest art forms available. There is no elitism or hype, it exhibits on the best walls a town has to offer and nobody is put off by the price of admission.”
Camerota, R. (2008) Graffiti Japan, Mark Batty Publisher, New York – “While a small number of books about graffiti in Japan exist, this one, thanks to all the artists kind enough to welcome me into their communities when I lived in their country, is the most definitive, relaying to readers how the Japanese have absorbed and reinterpreted this Western art form.”
Chalfant, H. & Proigoff, J. (2006) Spraycan Art, Thames and Hudson Ltd, London – documents “the evolution of spraycan art from its very beginnings, photographing the artists in action as well as their finished works, and recording their always intriguing, and frequently surprisingly, philosophical comments”.
Dew, C. (2008) Uncommissioned Art: An A-Z of Australian Graffiti, The Miegunyah Press, Victoria – a comprehensive attempt to document the breadth of Australian graffiti. Includes an analysis of the ‘health’ of Melbourne’s graffiti scene.
Ferrell, J. (1996) Crimes of Style, Urban Graffiti and the Politics of Criminality, Northeastern, New York – This book “offers a major contribution to sociology, criminology, and to youth studies. This brief book not only offers insight and analysis of graffiti artists, it explores the ways in which power is negotiated and challenged. In the graffiti artists' use of space and in their definitions of beauty and neighbourhood, they uncover the way power and meanings are manufactured.”
Fleming, J. (2009) Graffiti and the Writing Arts of Early Modern England, Reaktion Books, London – “Tattoos, graffiti, pots, poesy rings, and inscriptions on clothes and on implements were all significant and meaningful forms of writing in early modern England. Her book succeeds-as a challenge to our understating of the practices of writing and the notion of literature-because of its originality, its restless interrogation of words well beyond the realms of the canonical, its brilliantly imaginative approach to cultural history, and because of its well-proportioned, elegant, and dense prose."
Ganz, N. (2004/2009) Graffiti World: Street Art from Five Continents, Abrams. New York – “This book is packed with full-colour photographs representative of graffiti styles and artists from around the world. Though there is still a level of lawlessness involved in some who practice in the traditional way, many of the murals shown are commissioned works of "urban art." The frequent use of nicknames and disguised photos shows that often these artists are still "underground" even as their art form becomes more recognized. The encyclopaedic arrangement, first by continent and then by artist's nom de plume, serves the book well. Each continent also gets a foldout that demonstrates the best local artwork. Most of the textual information about the artists and their work is contained in a back "information" section, keeping the focus of the book on the art.”
Ganz, N. (2006) Graffiti Woman: Graffiti and Street Art from Five Continents, Thames and Hudson, London - :celebrates the rise of female graffiti and street artists, showcasing the work of over 125 women, from those at the top of the game, such as New York’s Lady Pink and Amsterdam’s Mickey, to a galaxy of rising stars.
Jacoby, A. (2009) Street Art San Francisco: Mission Muralismo, Abrams, New York – “San Francisco’s legendary Mission District – a laboratory for cutting edge at and alternative culture – boasts a greater concentration of street art then any other neighbourhood in the world. Beginning in the early 1970s as a form of social and political activism, a vibrant public art movement has flourished in this dynamic, multicultural community, helping to spark a global trend.”
Jenkins, S. & Villorente, D. (2008), Piecebook: The Secret Drawings of Graffiti Writers, Prestel, USA – “Original in concept and design, this living history of the graffiti movement mimics the actual sketchbooks graffiti artists use to perfect their work before it goes public.”
Kalthenhauser, R. (2007) Art Inconsequence: Advanced Vandalism, Publikat, Germany – Video documentary and six essays on contemporary graffiti takes us to scenes where beauty and absurdity merge, beyond the laws of our society as well as those of our expectations.
Lewisohn, C. (2008) Street Art, Tate Publishing, London – “The worlds of graffiti writing and street art are constantly evolving and reinventing themselves. These are genres that stubbornly refuse rules of categorisation, but which do at the same time adhere to certain codes and fashions. We can consider their relationship a living dialogue”. This book begins with a comparison of street art and graffiti and then shows the work of graffiti vandals and urban artists around the world.
Lunn, M. (2006) Street Art Uncut, Craftsman House, Melbourne – “This book does not justify, condemn or condone street art, although it does often celebrate its artistic qualities and its wit”. The book describes a range of street art from Melbourne, including interviews with graffiti vandals and urban artists.
MacDonald, N. (2003) The Graffiti Subculture: Youth, Masculinity and Identity in London and New York, Palgrave MacMillan, New York – “Macdonald maps out this, largely male, rite of passage and presents adolescence as a period between two worlds: literally in the subway tunnels, figuratively in the sub-cultural underground. Her candid and often humorous description of the fieldwork process, her unusual perspective as a woman observing men and her well documented conclusions make this book essential reading in the fields of anthropology, sociology and juvenile justice and a very enjoyable read for anyone else interested in art, youth and human nature."
Manco, T. (2006) Stencil Graffiti, Thames and Hudson, London – “Street art is both an expression of our culture and a counterculture in itself…The aim of this book is to take a worldwide look at stencil art, its history, its applications in commercial art, its relationships to street signage, the urban environment and other forms of graffiti.”
Manco, T. (2007) Street Sketchbook, Thames and Hudson, London – “This treasure trove of images has been drawn from hundreds of sketchbooks from more than sixty contemporary artists worldwide. Working across many fields, including illustration, graffiti, painting, design and animation, they are united by a love of drawing, originality and a prodigious output of personal work.”
Paul 107 (2003) All City: The Book About Taking Space, ECWPress, Ontario – “This book contains photos, interviews with bombers from different part of the world, and some of the things I picked up along the way (mostly things writers complained that toys didn’t know).”
Pieter, S. (2009) Guerilla Art, Lawrence King Publishing, London – This book and DVD package features profiles of and interviews with the most influential street artists.
Powers, S. (1999) The Art of Getting Over: Graffiti at the Millenium, St Martin’s Press – “Filled with full colour imagery from early graffiti days of the late 60's to works from last year. The example driven chapters give a feeling there is always room for more rather than a definitive wrap up of this hugely growing subculture. The book is unique in that its not an introduction it's more of an advanced course.”
York, P (1984) Style Wars, Sidgwick&Jackson, New York – “This book provides an original and accurate portray of various youth cultures and their styles.”
Videos, Documentaries and Films
Atlas Graffiti Documentary – a 9 minute documentary in Los Angeles by moonlight. We go out painting with legendary Los Angeles Graffiti Artist, Atlas One. He talks about growing up, and painting in East Los Angeles. Featuring music by The Antarcticans. The video itself has no coarse language but the comments about it do.
Australian Broadcasting Commission –several videos are available.
Artists bridge the gap between graffiti and art which shows Suzanne Weise and Scott Coleman, who's better known as KAB101, running a community workshop to transform a skate bowl in Mount Gambier. Both artists used to live in the South East and were using their skills in the retail sector but now they're focusing on art and community work helping budding artists. This video shows these artists at work before starting the skate bowl project.
The graffiti detector that nose where you are - a new technology that sniffs out solvents and aerosols used by 'graffiti artists' is being introduced in Newcastle today at undisclosed suburban locations. The technology, being marketed as the 'E-Nose graffiti detector', won the people's choice section of the ABC television program New Inventors in November last year.
Channel 9 News Report – Graffiti Wars – The abandoned South Terrace Power House is to become luxury apartments –v- reserving Graffitied walls as history of last 25yrs
Chloe is concerned about graffiti attacks at her school in Plymouth.
Ryan, Ryan and Sam – 2:29 minute video in which three artists tell why they became writers and explain some ‘graffiti’ speak.
BOMB IT - from award-winning director Jon Reiss investigates graffiti. Through interviews and guerilla footage of graffiti writers in action on 5 continents, BOMB IT tells the story of graffiti from its origins in prehistoric cave paintings through to its notorious explosion in New York City during the 70's and 80's, then follows the flames as they paint the globe. Featuring old school legends and current favorites such as Taki 183, Cornbread, Stay High 149, T-Kid, Cope 2, Zephyr, Revs, Os Gemeos, KET, Chino, Shepard Fairey, Revok, and Mear One. This cutting edge documentary tracks down today's most innovative and pervasive street artists as they battle for control over the urban visual landscape. Clips of the movie are available. There is coarse language in some of the clips.
Fame – An 8:05 minute graffiti documentary from Miami produced in 2006. Graffiti vandals speak about the fame they get from doing graffiti. Miami police speak about the damage and the penalties for acts of graffiti vandalism. Some graffiti vandals speak about seeking permission to do graffiti.
Friendly Fire – a 15 minute video from Stockholm showing graffiti vandalism on walls, windows and trains. There are no words or explanations.
Infamy - is an intense journey into the lives and minds of six of America’s most prolific graffiti vandals. Directed by acclaimed filmmaker Doug Pray (“Hype!” and “Scratch”) who teamed up with writer, publisher, and graffiti guru Roger Gastman, the movie takes you deep into the world of street legends SABER, TOOMER, JASE, CLAW, EARSNOT, and ENEM. These artists reveal why they are so willing to risk everything to spray paint their cities with "tags," “throwups,” and full-colour murals”. Some coarse language. The movie is available in ten parts via You Tube or Google or as a 1 hour 30 minute documentary.
Japanese Graffiti – a 28 minute video about graffiti in Japan including interviews.
Kings and Toys – a 25 minute documentary giving the perspectives of graffiti vandals from all over the world.
Max Payne - a 2:57 minute video with Los Angeles graffiti artists who create Max Payne murals in various locations in the city
Rash – a 2:50 minute documentary produced in 2005 about graffiti in Melbourne. RASH is a contemporary story of modern urban Australia and artists making it a living host for illegal artwork called ‘street art’. This film explores the cultural value of unsanctioned public art, and graffiti’s contribution to a very public dialogue.
Style Wars - this site is created around the hip hop documentary Style Wars and includes videos, articles and interviews.
Today Tonight – There are several videos from Today Tonight available on You Tube.
Graffiti – 4:55 minute video from July 2008 showing a group of young people vandalising a bus and a question from Graffiti Hurts about making some examples of graffiti in Melbourne ‘heritage listed’.
Graffiti Detect – 3:53 minute video from August 2007 in Perth describing ways of detecting graffiti vandals by analysing sounds
Crimes of Passion - Bristol Street Art Exhibition - Opening Night – 5:10 minutes.
Bansky Dismaland - show revealed at Weston's Tropicana.
Australian Broadcasting Commission – there are several audio downloads available.
Talkback on Life Matters: Graffiti from December 2008 - Some call it art, some call it vandalism but whatever it is, graffiti is everywhere. While local councils spend millions of dollars removing graffiti, others think of it as public art. So is graffiti art or eyesore and is it okay on the wall of a factory but not on your newly painted front fence?
Background Briefing: Graffiti, art and fear from March 2009 - As old as mankind, graffiti can be seen as a cultural expression and a tourist attraction, or as vandalism inducing fear. It can morph into high art, political comment, or territorial border security. Reporter Brendan Trembath.
Graffiti Warrior Wages War - Spraypainted names all over walls, fences, railway stations and bus stops seem to appear overnight in every Brisbane suburb. How do you stop it? That's the question everyone is asking. There's a dedicated group of volunteers who've been quietly removing graffiti for the last decade and they want to expand. They say the key is rapid removal.
Should Melbourne promote its graffiti? – from October 2008.
Cave of Lascaux – there is speculation that cave art was graffiti. This interactive site enables students to enter and explore the site and research images.
Gang Reduction through Intervention, Prevention and Education (GRIPE) - The East Coast Gang Investigators Association, Inc. is an alliance of criminal justice professionals dedicated to the promotion and coordination of comprehensive anti-gang strategies. This page is for young people and includes examples of graffiti vandalism and a space for young people to write graffiti. It is important to note that not all graffiti vandalism is made by gangs.
Legal walls – a map of legal walls around the world.
Graffiti Vandalism - images
Are2 Throw up – a 3:10 minute video of a vandal doing a throw up.
BBC – British Broadcasting Company has many news stories with associated photographs of graffiti.See No Evil in Bristol - brings-thousands-to-the-streets
Melbourne Graffiti Pool – this is a flickr site with many images of graffiti from Melbourne. There are legal urban art works and graffiti vandalism.
Only Melbourne – images from Melbourne ‘telling Melbournians where to go” and including images of graffiti and urban art.
Perth graffiti – a site that enables access to images from the 1980s and on, by person or location.
Scratchiti – a flickr site.
Spoine Art – a 5:30 minute video with images of stencils produced and posted from 1999 to 2004 in various locations around Perth.
Soviet Tank Graffiti – These images are the work of Jan Chipchase from Future Perfect and are published under the Creative Commons License. Jan writes, in relation to these images, “If you're a male visitor to Afghanistan then chances are you've made a trip to the Soviet tank graveyard on the outskirts of Kabul. You might assume that most of the vehicles here fell victim to the RPGs and mines of the Afghan resistance - in reality 85 - 90% died from mechanical failure, with limited signs of damage. There are still some beautiful objects, colours and geometries to be found but less than you might imagine. In the past few years the graveyard been discovered by the English language spray can brigade.”
You the Designer - Gino Orlandi, a graphic designer and blogger, launched You the Designer in 2007. He aims to publish quality graphic design resources, graphic design tips with the hopes that aspiring design professionals, and pros alike, will find this site inspiring and helpful. One of the resources on this site is 30 great examples.
Urban Art - images
Bristol Graffiti – a website showcasing Bristol urban artists.
Chalk Urban Art Festival- is the largest urban art festival in the southern hemisphere and is held annually in Sydney. Chalk attracts approximately 120,000 art fans each year. the program includes: 3D chalk art/pavement art, wearable art, urban music, graffiti, spoken word, performance art, art workshops and art sales. Check out the galleries for great images of legal urban art.
Hillman Urban Art - A short film about Rough, Stormie and TiMiD painting Hillman Footbridge in Rockingham, Australia
Melbourne Graffiti Pool – this is a flickr site with many images of graffiti from Melbourne. There are legal urban art works and graffiti vandalism.
Only Melbourne – images from Melbourne ‘telling Melbournians where to go” and including images of graffiti and urban art.
Political Graffiti – a flickr site.
Street Art Locator - is a community google map mashup mapping street art the world over. You can find all aspects of street art here from Graffiti to the Galleries that host lowbrow exhibitions and street art produced using more formal styles.
Graffiti Vandals and Urban Artists
Arts Connect - artsConnect is an online art portal profiling Australian artists of all media - filmmakers, painters, poets, musicians, bands, actors, animators, fashion designers, graffiti artists, glass artists, jewellery designers, graphic designers etc. The graffiti artists listed on this site are available for commercial / legal graffiti work.
Banksy – an elusive graffiti vandal and urban artist whose work has gained public attention for being sold for over a million dollars. This site has images of his work. Articles about him appear in the Daily Mail and wikipedia.
Ghostpatrol – “has moved through his initial forays into the world of stickers and paste ups, through a dabble with stencilling and spray can art, to a point where his reputation will build him a career doing the thing he loves most – creating pen and ink drawings” (Lunn, 2006, 0p.124). His work can be seen in many galleries.
Kasino - follows in the graffiti traditions of his mentors SEEN, BLADE and SENTO. That is the refinement of the name in a number of styles including Blockbusters, Chromies, Semi - Wildstyles and general bombing. In other words style technicians relentlessly inventing new styles of lettering whilst retaining name recognition. Included on the site is Kasino’s personal history and a Master’s paper “How to read graffiti”.
Stephen Powers - a New York City artist who at one time wrote graffiti in Philadelphia and New York under the name ESPO ("Exterior Surface Painting Outreach"). He was most well known during the late 1990s for his conceptual pieces as well as his role as the editor and publisher of On the Go Magazine. ESPO's work often blurred the lines between illegal and legal. There are articles written about him from the New York Times in 2009 and 1999 (as well as others).
Caseley, J. “On the Town: A Community Adventure” also has an adaptation that can be used as a model text for students to write about their own communities.
Forrestal, E. (2000) Graffiti on the Fence, Puffin, London – “Hellz, Tan and Eddie are the local skateboarding trio. Every night after school they hang out together, terrorising 'the Witch'. That's what they call elderly Lallie. They make their own rules, and give cheek to anyone who gets in their way. But Lallie gives as good as she gets, and when Hellz unexpectedly finds himself in her garden one day, he soon learns that there is more to Lallie than he thought”. There is a set of activities around this text available from http://www.elaineforrestal.com.au/books/graffiti-on-the-fence/ and teachers’ notes available on Elaine Forrestal’s website.
Freeman, P. (2003) Trick of the Light, Koala Books, Mascot, Australia – for children 7 years and over. “How can our intrepid trio discover who is vandalising the local high school? An electronic mystery with a twist.”
Herman, C. (2009) Good graffiti: Teen Talk on Tough Issues, Black Bart Books – For children ages 9-12 years. “This book is a collection of our stories. Teens, like you and I, share their stories of encouragement in the midst of divorce, abuse, eating disorders, drinking, teenage pregnancy, relocation, and losing a parent. Not everyone's opinions and remarks matter. What graffiti will you allow on the walls of your life?”
Hyde, M (2000) Max, Vulgar Press, Carlton – For young adults. “Lou is dead. Killed himself. And now, everyone is worried about Max, his best mate. Max has been getting into trouble with the police. With his father. With school. All Max wants is to left alone to finish his and Lou's graffiti masterpiece. No-one seems to understand his pain. How can Max remain true to his friend's memory without hurting himself?”
Lambright, L (1997) Graffiti, Bright Lamb Publishers – “Nick is very imaginative and really creative. He roams the city streets late one summer night fully equipped with markers and spray paint of every colour imaginable. He has a hair-raising adventure that changes his life forever.” 9-12 year old readers.
McAuley, P.J. (2005) Minds Eye, Simon and Schuster, New York – “A strange piece of graffiti daubed on the window of a north London restaurant is the catalyst that propels Alfie Flowers into an intriguing mystery involving the mysterious Nomads' Club, the rituals of a lost tribe, a series of spectacularly gruesome murders, and a secret history of espionage and mind-altering patterns - glyphs - connected with the disappearance of his father some twenty years before. As Alfie is to discover, the source of the glyphs is hidden amidst the chaos of post-war Iraq. There, deep inside an ancient network of caves, lie powerful secrets sought by people with sinister and dangerous motives. People who are determined to prevent Alfie and the Nomads' Club from interfering with their plans. Whatever it takes.”
Parra, K. (2007) Graffiti Girl, MTV – “Raised by her single mother (who's always dating the wrong kind of man) in a struggling California neighbourhood, Angel Rodriguez is a headstrong, independent young woman who channels her hopes and dreams for the future into her painting. But when her entry for a community mural doesn't rate, she's heartbroken. Even with winning artist Nathan Ramos - a senior track star and Angel's secret crush - taking a sudden interest in Angel and her art, she's angry and hurt. She's determined to find her own place in the art world, her own way.” For young adult readers
Riddly, P. Scribbleboy [sound recording], BBC Audiobooks, Bath – For 8 to 11 year olds. “Eleven-year-old Bailey has moved with his father and older brother to a new neighbourhood whose drabness has been transformed by the wonderful graffiti of the legendary Scribbleboy. As Bailey struggles to cope with the fact that his mother walked out on them, this graffiti and its creator come to play an important part in his life.”
Ross, D (Scribe) and Blase, D.(2006) There’s an Octopus Under My Bed, Shake It Ink – A story about a young rabbit, Elijah, who must play with a new friend (a red octopus named Manos) when he loses his favourite adventure buddy (a stuffed rhino). At first wary of trusting Manos, Elijah soon finds out that his new companion can take him on adventures too. Manos leads Elijah through a magic carpet in his living room to the marvellous world of Galapagos, an island where everyone is "always changing." Elijah encounters several obstacles along the way, learning to trust his new friend and himself, and emerges a better bunny at the end - with two friends for "adventuring" rather than just one. Some of the obstacles require learning to read graffiti.
The Economist – Having turned respectable, graffiti culture is dying 20/11/2013 - An article suggesting the culture of Graffiti is slowing down and may eventually die due to computer games/IPads being the choice for teens and the use of CCTV cameras and increasing penalties for Graffiti a deterrent
Norton, R. (2008) Unintended Consequences, Library of Economics and Liberty – “The law of unintended consequences, often cited but rarely defined, is that actions of people—and especially of government—always have effects that are unanticipated or unintended. Economists and other social scientists have heeded its power for centuries; for just as long, politicians and popular opinion have largely ignored it.”
Community Profile Bartolomeo, B.J. (2001) Cement or Canvas: Aerosol Art & The Changing Face of Graffiti in the 21st Century, Anthropology Honours Thesis
Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium, Graffiti – four students have prepared a website describing the history of graffiti, social relevance, graffiti types and the legal debate.
Christen, Richard S. (2003) Hip Hop Learning: Graffiti as an Educator of Urban Teenagers, Educational Foundations 17:4 (Fall 2003) p. 57-82 – “This paper will examine the ways in which crews and other graffiti groups have educated urban youth since the early 1970′s, comparing their pedagogy to that of more acknowledged learning institutions such as schools and art societies. Using the comments of graffiti writers from a range of time periods and places to reconstruct this experience, it will argue that graffiti education both parallels and diverges from the teaching of these traditional institutions, functioning paradoxically as both a status quo and transgressive organization.”
Davenport, B. – Has a number of pages and resources that provide an Introduction to Choice Theory
Encyclopedia Britannica, On-line Encyclopedia – Culture and Communication. – article describing the concept of ‘culture’.
The William Glasser Institute – The primary task of The Institute is to monitor all training leading to Reality Therapy Certification and faculty status and to maintain the records of those who complete various stages of the process. Some of the other tasks involve: conducting the sale of Dr. Glasser’s books, working with sponsors of his various speaking engagements, orchestrating Certification Weeks and Faculty Programs in North America, arranging for Advisory Board of Directors’ Meetings and Faculty Retreats, producing various publications and processing benefits tied to these publications. Dr. Glasser is an internationally recognized psychiatrist who is best known as the author of Reality Therapy, a method of psychotherapy he created in 1965 and that is now taught all over the world. This site includes information about Glasser’s Choice Theory.Law Stuff (South Australia) Know your rights, updated 10/11/14-This page describes the law in South Australia. Preventing Graffiti-Anthony Morgan 1990-This report discusses criminological theories on vandalism and the problems created by graffiti and vandalism. It describes planning, management, architectural and design strategies for minimising vandalism and graffiti on public transport, in public places, in and around public telephones, in schools and in public housing. Young people, the community and graffiti-King