A Guide for Parents and Guardians
Graffiti vandalism is an illegal activity which involves any form of writing, drawing, etching or applying stickers to/on any public or private property without permission from the property owner.
It is important to recognise the difference between graffiti vandalism and urban art. Graffiti is illegal and causes damage and removal costs to the victim. Urban art is legal artwork installed on surfaces where permission has been granted by the property owner. Urban art projects are generally run by local councils, schools and private organisations, and aim to improve the artistic skill of the participant and create an aesthetic mural in a specific location.
The Parents Brochure is a resource for parents/guardians of high school students for information on signs that the child is engaging in graffiti vandalism and what you can do to help. This resource could be distributed electronically within a schools newsletter (or P&C group equivalent) or a limited number of hard copies are available to order. Graffiti vandalism is shown to be a gate way crime and many of the young people that engage in this illegal activity are not aware of the consequences a conviction can bring such as preventing future travel to other countries. Click on the picture below to download the brochure.
People engage in graffiti offending for a number of reasons. Some include:
- to be part of a group or crew;
- sense of control, and/or achievement;
- peer pressure;
- lack of other activities available;
- recognition from peers;
- lack of self esteem;
- to mark their territory;
- rebellion; or
- to practice their ‘artistic’ skill.
Research suggests graffiti vandals:
- are typically between the ages of 12 to 25 years;
- the most common “tagging” is done by teenage boys aged around 15 years;
- often have experienced alienation at school;
- use drugs more often than their peers;
- are more likely to suffer depression, feelings of hopelessness & anxiety;
- have greater risk taking behaviours; and
- are involved in other types of crime.
Social consequences of graffiti
Western Australia currently spends more than $25 million on graffiti removal each year, not including costs that are incurred on private property. As graffiti is one of the most visible of all crimes in the community, its presence contributes to a sense of fear amongst residents, and increases the perception of crime.
It is the local councils and major utilities (Western Power, Water Corporation, Main Roads WA, Public Transport Authority and Telstra) that incur the most damage on their assets. Thus, it is this group that spends the most money on graffiti removal and prevention activities.
The damage costs incurred by these asset owners are indirectly paid for by rate payers and customers. It is important to educate young people on this issue, as money allocated to graffiti removal could otherwise be directed to improving services and assets, reducing costs to utility customers and implementing new projects and services.
Legal consequences of graffiti
The penalties for adults participating in graffiti vandalism have increased as of 12 October 2016, which reflects the serious nature of graffiti offending. Juveniles however tend to be dealt with differently, allowing them the opportunity to improve their behaviours through diversionary programs.
Penalties for graffiti vandalism include:
Juvenile - under 18 years
- Police caution or referral to a Juvenile Justice Team;
- Youth community based order.
Adult – 18 years and older
- Up to 2 years imprisonment; and/or
- Up to $24,000 in fines.
Involvement with the courts may also prohibit a person from getting a job or being able to travel to other countries later in life.
Warning signs that your child is involved with graffiti
Some warning signs that your child may be involved with graffiti include:
- possession of spray paint cans or other types of paint;
- possession of an excessive amount of large permanent marker pens;
- paint on hands or clothing;
- photos of graffiti on mobile phones or on networking internet sites (e.g. Facebook etc.);
- practicing the same type of scribble or ’tags’ on paper continuously;
- ‘tags’ or same type of scribble on their bag or books; or
- engravings on their furniture at home, such as a desk, chair or bed.
If you suspect your child is participating in graffiti vandalism
- Discuss your concerns with your child, remembering that there may be other issues that are causing them to graffiti;
- Explain that graffiti is an illegal activity and let them know what the consequences are;
- Know where your child is and who they are with;
- Share your concerns with your child’s teachers – they may be able to give you some advice or alleviate your concerns; or
- If you'd like further assistance with your child there are places that you can contact for help – see Additional Services.
Keeping your child busy
It is important that you involve your child in activities which occupy them and allow them to gain a sense of accomplishment. After-school sporting activities provide a perfect opportunity for children/young people to remain occupied, meet friends and be healthy.
There are many activities that are of no or minimal cost to families such as:
- Take the dog for a walk;
- Go to the beach or local park;
- Participate in school holiday programs;
- Encourage your children to have their friends over - know their friends and potential influences;
- VacSwim offers swimming lessons for $1 a day;
- Contact your local council for “youth programs” in your area;
- Enrol in art classes or create art at home – you can check the internet for ideas;
- Check the school newsletter or talk to your child’s teachers regarding extra-curricular activities that may be on offer;
- Get involved in a team sport or physical activity;
- Learn a musical instrument;
- Take up a hobby with your child (e.g. mosaics or gardening); or
- Contact your local Parents and Community Youth Centre (PCYC) to find out about local youth programs.
Encouraging your child to be active and involved can sometimes be an arduous task, but with persistence your child will gradually learn how to find interests themselves. Every child needs a good balance of activities and ‘down time’, so while it is important not to exhaust your child, it is important for your child’s health to be actively participating in extra-curricular activities.
Active Kids Holiday Calendar The Department of Sport and Recreation offers information on current sporting, arts, aquatic and adventure activities available for young people.
Police & Community Youth Centres (PCYC) is one of the largest recreation organisations in Western Australia, offering programs and services to young people. For more information contact the PCYC Federation on (08) 9356 0555 or visit their website.
The Parent’s Paper is targeted at parents with children aged up to 14 years, Kids in Perth - The Parents' Paper is available online. Visit the section titled ‘Kids in Perth Diary’ for information on courses and activities around Perth.
Kids Helpline Australia's only free, private and confidential, 24/7 telephone and online counselling service specifically for young people aged between 5 and 25. Telephone – 1800 55 1800 or visit their website.
Parentline is a 24/7 confidential telephone counselling service, providing professional counselling and support for parents and those who care for children. The aim of Parentline is to nurture and support positive, caring relationships between parents, children, teenagers and significant other people who are important to the well-being of families. Telephone: (08) 9272 1466 or 1800 654 432 (free for STD callers) or visit their website.
Lifeline offers counselling that respects everyone’s right to be heard, understood and cared for. They also provide information about other support services that are available in communities around Australia. Telephone – 13 11 14 or visit their website.
Parenting WA offers an information, support and referral service to parents, carers, grandparents and families with children up to 18 years of age. Parenting WA services are free and no referral is needed. Parenting Coordinators, located throughout Western Australia, can provide individual parenting discussions, group sessions and workshops.
The Parenting WA home visiting service supports parents with children up to six years of age by helping them gain confidence in their parenting skills in their home. (Note: this service is not available in all regions).
Parenting WA also provides the Parenting WA Line, a 24/7 telephone information service, a library rich with useful resources, parenting guide sheets and an on-line guide to parenting courses in WA.
Parents can visit the Parenting WA Centre, 28 Alvan Street Mount Lawley, located just off Beaufort Streeton bus route 21 or 67 from the city. Parenting consultants are available for advice, support and a coffee.