- Recognises a variety of familiar ways of using and presenting information.
- Gathers oral, print and graphical information from familiar sources such as family members, peers, books, signs, posters, CD-ROMs and television.
- Suggests different ways of recording and presenting their ideas as information through oral means, text and simple images.
- Considers the resources, techniques and the equipment that are needed to find, gather, record and present various familiar forms of information.
- Uses a limited number of simple techniques to present information and reflect on how they feel about the use of information technologies and the resulting information solutions.
- Uses a range of familiar information technologies safely and carefully to access, record and present information.
- Describes common ways in which information is used, processed and transmitted, such as posters, pamphlets, books, product packages, road signs, photographs, tapes, digital disks and electronic files.
- Investigates the form of such familiar information solutions, including the medium used and its shape, size and construction material, and recognises how design and production features are employed for particular audiences.
- Examines their own and others’ reaction to different information technologies, and recognises that feelings such as excitement, mistrust, fear, lack of understanding, fascination, fun and confusion can influence an individual’s use of information technologies.
- Recognises that the form and structure of information and information products can affect the meaning conveyed.
- Reflects on the impact on their lives of common forms of information.
- Presents, publishes and stores information in oral, textual and simple image forms such as electronic displays, static graphics, maps, photographs and recorded messages.
- Specifies information required for a particular task and then finds, stores, sorts, analyses, manipulates and/or transforms it, often combining information from several sources.
- Creates own information solutions, selecting the most appropriate medium for the particular audience in order to convey the intended ideas and purpose.
- Reflects on the techniques they have applied, the practical constraints considered, the use to which it has been put and the skills they have demonstrated when using equipment and resources.
- Judges the effectiveness of their completed product or process by comparing it with their original intention.
- Describes the form of familiar and unfamiliar information solutions and identifies the purpose.
- Describes how the form affects its use and people’s access to information.
- Identifies the relationship between the form and content, and recognises how the solution has been designed and produced for particular audiences.
- Explains different ways information is used, created, stored and transmitted and how this contributes to its purpose and meaning.
- Examines people’s use of different information technologies and recognises that people do not make the same use of all information technologies and use different technologies for different purposes.
- Selects and uses manual and digital techniques to create information solutions to meet a purpose.
- Uses a range of techniques to access, record, store, manipulate and transmit information.
- Considers what information is needed and how to present it in different ways to make it more accessible to others.
- Plans the production by setting out the steps and identifies resources such as tools and materials.
- Uses tools safely, correctly and efficiently.
- Collects information to meet an identified need.
- Stores the information logically, in a digital or hard-copy format, retrieving it as needed.
- Judges the effectiveness of completed information solutions by considering whether it achieved its purpose.
- Reflects on how the techniques applied contributed to the meaning, taking into account constraints such as availability of time, how they planned the process and the way they used manual and digital tools and equipment such as drawing tools and graphic organisers safely to create text, sketches and images for a particular purpose.
- Describes the ways in which forms, styles and presentations of information can be used to create different effects and meanings.
- Discriminates between various forms used for presenting information to suit a particular audience.
- Identifies and discusses ways information can be presented and interpreted, noting bias, selection and emphasis in printed and non-printed texts.
- Identifies examples of special effects that can enhance or modify the presentation and interpretation of information.
- Combines a range of forms, including images, sound and text, to create information solutions that reflect a consideration of the needs of the target audience in terms of functional and, where applicable, aesthetic criteria.
- Considers the social impacts of their solution, assessing the suitability of the information for the particular audience and whether the presentation is appropriate.
- Uses a variety of sources to obtain information and, depending on the need, gather appropriate information that may include surveys, statistics, experimental results and interviews.
- Records, sorts, interprets, transfers and transforms information, using various means such as graphics, tables, drawings, images and files.
- Uses different forms, styles and presentations, adjusting techniques where necessary to create different effects for particular audiences and purposes.
- Selects and operates appropriate information equipment safely and efficiently, using correct techniques.
- Assesses how well design ideas, production processes and information solutions meet the needs of the particular audience.
- Develops specific criteria from the design specifications to judge performance.
- Describes specific forms, structures, styles and presentations used in particular information solutions.
- Examines a variety of information solutions and identifies significant features of particular solutions.
- Describes the way in which the meaning conveyed by information is influenced by its form, structure, style and presentation.
- Investigates how the form influences the structure, style and presentation of the information, and how it has been modified for the audience.
- Discusses the role and impact of information technologies on society.
- Examines some ethical considerations about information, such as authenticity, access to data banks, copyright, plagiarism and credit card use.
- Classifies particular forms of information solutions, such as advertisements, informational text, descriptive prose and formal correspondence, and determines the styles used in creating them.
- Explores how technologies affect communities and environments, and makes judgements about their appropriateness using them as a basis for predicting future developments.
- Creates information solutions using recognised methods, rules and languages.
- Selects the most appropriate form, structure, style and presentation for the audience and the purpose.
- Uses recognised procedures, commonly-understood rules and accepted practices to the processing of information and the creation of information solutions.
- Records, sorts, interprets and transfers information by a variety of means, including files, spreadsheets, graphics, drawings, tables and reports.
- Transforms or manipulates information to suit given purposes.
- Monitors and maintains the information equipment they use.
- Assesses the effectiveness of solutions in relation to design requirements and social and environmental criteria.
- Describes the interrelationships among the variables relating to form, methods of transmission, standards and conventions and how these affect the use and impact of information.
- Explains the ethical, social and economic issues involved in developing and applying information technology, relating these issues to everyday needs.
- Considers the accuracy of information and the particular purpose it has been designed to achieve, determining, for example, whether it is current, from a reliable source, subject to bias, affected by translation or influenced by cultural factors.
- Considers the consequences of using inaccurate and outdated information.
- Describes the implications of new methods for managing information and compares them with processes used in the past.
- Evaluates the efficiency of transmitting, receiving, storing and manipulating processes, and explains how the use of recognised conventions can enhance efficiency.
- Explains how the storage of digital information can affect the privacy of individuals, families, communities or organisations.
- Describes how the power of computers to search and retrieve at high speed facilitates the collation of small pieces of information.
- Reflects on the security issues relating to the control and use of information.
- Describes why freedom of information legislation was developed, how it is managed and individuals’ rights of access.
- Interprets and makes judgements regarding ease of access, clarity, reliability and quality.
- Describes the advantages of knowing the conventions for accessing and presenting information.
- Evaluates the economic and social benefits, costs and impacts for individuals, small business, corporations and government associated with the use of one form of information over another, justifying the methods they would select.
- Manipulates, transfers and creates information, using a wide range of information equipment.
- Demonstrates initiative, flexibility, persistence and problem-solving skills in applying their understandings.
- Devises or uses specialised ways of managing and handling information, and transfers information using electronic systems.
- Compares their solutions with others from similar technologies, and applies ethical criteria when assessing effectiveness from a personal, local and global perspective.